Animal Welfare Science, Stress, Pain Relief and Suffering

Invited Lectures, Conference Papers and Book Chapters

Animal Welfare Indices, Standards, Regulations and Ethics
Painful Husbandry and Other Procedures
Vertebrate Pest Control

Animal Welfare Indices, Standards, Regulations and Ethics

  1. Mellor, D.J. (1999). What determines minimum farm animal welfare standards - animals’ actual needs, animals’ perceived needs or economics? Proceedings of 16th Annual Seminar of the Society of Dairy Cattle Veterinarians of the NZVA, Foundation for Continuing Veterinary Education, Massey University, No. 192, pp 143-152.
  2. Mellor, D.J. and Stafford, K.J. (1999). A “gold standard” or “incremental improvement” as ethical strategies for enhancing animal welfare. Proceedings of 16th Annual Seminar of the Society of Dairy Cattle Veterinarians of the NZVA, Foundation for Continuing Veterinary Education, Massey University, No. 192, pp 153-161.
  3. Mellor, D.J. and Stafford, K.J. (2001). Animal welfare standards – the impact of animals’ actual needs, animals’ perceived needs, economics and different strategies for improving welfare. Proceedings of the 2000 conference of Australian Veterinarians in Ethics, Research and Teaching, Perth, Western Australia, June 2000, pp 12-20.
  4. Wilson P.R., Mellor, D.J., Stafford, K.J., and Haigh, J.C. (2001). Velvet antler removal: international welfare, ethical and legal issues. In: Antler Science and Product Technology, Ed. J.S. Sim, H.H. Sunwoo, R.J. Hudson and B.T. Jeon, Publ. Antler Science and Product Technology Research Centre, Edmonton Alberta Canada. Pp 363-386.
  5. Beausoleil, N.J. Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J. 2004. Can we use change in core body temperature to evaluate stress in sheep? Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 64: 72-76.
  6. Mellor, D.J. and Stafford, K.J. (2009). Quality of life: A valuable concept or an unnecessary embellishment when considering animal welfare? In: The Welfare of Animals – It’s everyone’s business. Proceedings of the Australian Animal Welfare Strategy International Conference, Conrad Jupiters, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, 31 August to 3 September 2008: http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/1046495/32-david-mellor.pdf (accessed 3 April 2009).
  7. Stafford, K.J. and Mellor, D.J. (2009). Assessing the well-being and quality of life in companion animals. In: The Welfare of Animals – It’s everyone’s business. Proceedings of the Australian Animal Welfare Strategy International Conference, Conrad Jupiters, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, 31 August to 3 September 2008: http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/1046573/49-kevin-stafford.pdf (accessed 3 April 2009).
  8. Mellor, D.J. (2009). Global developments in animal welfare. In: The Challenges of Change, Papers and Presentations, 23rd Commonwealth Agricultural Conference 2008, Chateau on the Park, Christchurch, New Zealand 14-17 November, 2008: MEL08014_ppt.pdf.
  9. Alkhumaisi, K., Al-Bahadly, I.H., Mukhopadhyay, S.C., Beausoleil, N., Johnson, C. (2010). A smart sensing system to apply measured controlled force to animals to study pain sensitivity. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST), June 3-5, 2010. Lecce Italy.
  10. Beausoleil, N.J. (2012) Student and university perspectives on animal rights and wrongs. Proceedings of the Australia New Zealand Council for the Care of Animals in Research and Teaching Conference, June 26-28, 2011. Rotorua, New Zealand pp 88-91.
  11. Mellor, D.J. (2013). Production Animals: Ethical and welfare issues raised by production-focused management of newborn livestock. In: Eds. C.M. Wathes, S.A. Corr, S.A. May, S.P. McCulloch and M.C. Whiting, Veterinary and Animal Ethics: Proceedings of the first international conference on veterinary and animal ethics,September 2011, pp 174-187. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
  12. Mellor, D.J. (2013). Production Animals: Ethical and welfare issues raised by production-focused management of newborn livestock. In: Eds. C.M. Wathes, S.A. Corr, S.A. May, S.P. McCulloch and M.C. Whiting, Veterinary and Animal Ethics: Proceedings of the first international conference on veterinary and animal ethics,September 2011, pp 174-187. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
  13. Mellor, D.J. (2013). Production Animals: Ethical and welfare issues raised by production-focused management of newborn livestock. In: Eds. C.M. Wathes, S.A. Corr, S.A. May, S.P. McCulloch and M.C. Whiting, Veterinary and Animal Ethics: Proceedings of the first international conference on veterinary and animal ethics,September 2011, pp 174-187. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
  14. Bayvel, A.C.D. and Mellor, D.J. (2014). Summing up and looking to the future. D.J. Mellor and A.C.D. Bayvel (Eds), Scientific and Technical Review, Office International des Epizooties 33 (1) 323-326.

Painful Husbandry and Other Procedures

  1. Wilson, P.R., Thomas, D., Stafford, K.J. and Mellor D.J. (1999). Preliminary report of studies of local anaesthesia of the velvet antler. In: Deer Branch of the NZVA.  Wilson, P.R. (Ed.), Proceedings of a Deer Course for Veterinarians, Deer Branch, New Zealand Veterinary Association, No. 16, pp 175-187.
  2. Cook, CJ, Mellor, DJ, Harris, PJ, Ingram, J, and Matthews, L. (2000). Chapter 6: Hands-on and hands-off measurement of stress. In: Moberg, G.P. and Mench, J.A. (eds) The Biology of Animal Stress: Basic Principles and Implications for Welfare.CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, pp 123-146.
  3. Mellor, DJ, Cook, CJ and Stafford, KJ. (2000). Chapter 9: Quantifying some responses to pain as a stressor. In: Moberg, G.P. and Mench, J.A. (eds) The Biology of Animal Stress: Basic Principles and Implications for Welfare.CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, pp 171-198.
  4. Wilson, P., Stafford, K., Mellor, D. and Thomas, D. (2000). Optimum local anaesthetic administration techniques for analgesia of antlers. Proceedings of the Deer Branch of the New Zealand Veterinary Association Conference No 17, 155-160.
  5. Murrell JC and Johnson CB (2001). Anaesthesia. In Equine Veterinary Nursing Manual. Ed K Coumbe. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK.
  6. Mellor, D.J. and Stafford, K.J. (2001). Acute castration and/or tailing distress and its alleviation in lambs. For: Proceedings of the Australian Veterinarians in Ethics, Research and Teaching 2000 Conference, Perth, Western Australia, 28 June, 2000, pp 65-67.
  7. Mellor, D.J. and Stafford, K.J. (2001). Acute dehorning and disbudding distress and its alleviation in calves. For: Proceedings of the Australian Veterinarians in Ethics, Research and Teaching 2000 Conference, Perth, Western Australia, 28 June, 2000, pp 72-80.
  8. Mellor, D.J. and Stafford, K.J. (2002). Constraints on assessing pain-induced distress.  In: Pain and practical pain therapy, Ed. M. Bate. Proceedings from the AVERT/ANZCCART Joint 2001 Conference, 3rd Pan Pacific Veterinary Congress, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 14-16 May, 2001, pp 25-31.
  9. Stafford, K.J. and Mellor, D.J. (2002). Alleviating disbudding and dehorning distress in cattle. In: Pain and practical pain therapy, Ed. M. Bate. Proceedings from the AVERT/ANZCCART Joint 2001 Conference, 3rd Pan Pacific Veterinary Congress, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 14-16 May, 2001, pp 122-127.
  10. Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J. and Chambers, J.P. (2002). Systemic analgesia in ruminants: Where are we? In: Pain and practical pain therapy, Ed. M. Bate. Proceedings from the AVERT/ANZCCART Joint 2001 Conference, 3rd Pan Pacific Veterinary Congress, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 14-16 May, 2001, pp 110-114.
  11. Stafford, K.J. Mellor, D.J. and Todd, S.E. (2002). Alleviating the distress caused by castration in calves. In: Pain and practical pain therapy, Ed. M. Bate. Proceedings from the AVERT/ANZCCART Joint 2001 Conference, 3rd Pan Pacific Veterinary Congress, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 14-16 May, 2001, pp 137-140.
  12. Wilson, P.R., Caulkett, N., Bartels, M., Stafford, K.J., and Mellor, D.J. (2002). Alleviating pain during velvet antler removal from deer. In: Pain and practical pain therapy, Ed. M. Bate. Proceedings from the AVERT/ANZCCART Joint 2001 Conference, 3rd Pan Pacific Veterinary Congress, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 14-16 May, 2001, pp 128-136.
  13. Mellor, D.J. and Stafford, K.J. (2002). Routine procedures in beef and dairy cattle. In: Animal Health and Production Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International – Published as a CD.
  14. Mellor, D.J. and Stafford, K.J. (2002). Assessing and alleviating pain-induced distress due to husbandry tissue damage. In: A Cross-species Approach to Pain and Analgesia, J.W. Ludders, J. Paul-Murphy, S. Robertson, J. Gaynor, P.W. Hellyer, P. Wong and C. Barrakatt (Eds). International Veterinary Information Service (www.ivis.org), Ithaca, New York, USA.
  15. Mellor, D.J. and Stafford, K.J. (2002). Physiological indices of pain-induced distress. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 62, 351-354.
  16. Stafford, K.J. and Mellor, D.J. (2002). Monitoring pain in animals using behaviour. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 62, 355-358.
  17. Chambers, P., Stafford, K. and Mellor, D.J. (2002). Analgesics: what use are they in farm animals? Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 62, 359-362.
  18. Wilson, P.R., Bartels, M.M., Stafford, K.J. and Mellor, D.J. (2002). Analgesia for velvet antler removal. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 62, 372-375.
  19. Johnson CB (2003). Anaesthetic machines and ventilators. In Anaesthesia for Veterinary Nurses. Ed E Welsh. Blackwell Science.
  20. Johnson CB (2003). Breathing circuits and airway management. In Anaesthesia for Veterinary Nurses. Ed E Welsh. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK..
  21. Beausoleil, N.J., Stafford, K.J. and Mellor, D.J. (2004). Can we use change in core temperature to evaluate stress in sheep? Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 64, 72-76.
  22. Fisher, M.W., Gregory, N.G., Kent, J.E., Scobie, D.R., Mellor, D.J. and Pollard, J.C. (2004). Justifying the appropriate length for docking lambs’ tails - a review of the literature. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 64,293-296.
  23. Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J., Dooley, E., Smeaton, D. and McDermott, (2006). A. The cost of alleviating the pain caused by castration of calves. New Zealand Society of Animal Production 65, 123-126.
  24. Johnson CB and Norman EJ (2007). Anaesthesia and endocrine disease. In Manual of Small Animal Anaesthesia 2nd Edition. Eds Seymour C and Duke T. BSAVA Press.
  25. Mellor, D.J., Fisher, M.W. and Stafford, K.J.  (2007). Cost/Benefit analysis of pain relief for farm animals. Proceedings of the Australian Animal Welfare Strategy Science Summit on Pain and Pain Management, Melbourne Convention Centre, Victoria, Australia, 18 May 2007, p 26.
  26. Mellor, D.J., Fisher, M.W. and Stafford, K.J.  (2007). Cost/Benefit analysis of pain relief for farm animals. Proceedings of the Australian Animal Welfare Strategy Science Summit on Pain and Pain Management, Melbourne Convention Centre, Victoria, Australia, 18 May 2007, 5 pages: http://www.daff.gov.au/animal-plant-health/welfare/aaws/summit
  27. Mellor, D.J. and Stafford, K.J. (2007). Assessment and alleviation of pain caused by routine husbandry tissue removals in lambs and calves. In: Unified Against Pain, Proceedings of the International Veterinary Association of Pain Management (Bovine, Equine, Public Health and Animal Industry), Montreal, Quebec, Canada Conference, 1-3 November 2007, pp 345-359.
  28. Johnson CB (2008). New approaches to identifying and measuring pain. OIE Technical Series, Vol. 10. Scientific assessment and management of animal pain. Eds DJ Mellor, P Thornber, D Bayvel and S Kahn.
  29. Johnson CB (2008). Lessons learned from pain management in humans. OIE Technical Series, Vol. 10. Scientific assessment and management of animal pain. Eds DJ Mellor, P Thornber, D Bayvel and S Kahn.
  30. Johnson, C.B., Murrell, J.C., Gibson, T.G. and Mellor, D.J. (2008). Innovative refinements to anaesthesia techniques can deliver pain research without pain. AATEX Journal 14, Special Issue, 97-100. Proceedings of the Sixth World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, 21-25 August 2007, Tokyo, Japan.
  31. Johnson, C.B., Gibson, T.J., Flint, P. and Mellor, D.J. (2009). New techniques for pain recognition: What are the applications, where are the limits? . In: The Welfare of Animals – It’s everyone’s business. Proceedings of the Australian Animal Welfare Strategy International Conference, Conrad Jupiters, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, 31 August to 3 September 2008: http://www.daff.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/1046577/54-craig-johnson.pdf (accessed 3 April 2009).
  32. Alkhumaisi, K., Al-Bahadly, I.H., Mukhopadhyay, S.C., Beausoleil, N., Johnson, C. 2010. A smart sensing system to apply measured controlled force to animals to study pain sensitivity. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sensing Technology (ICST), June 3-5, 2010. Lecce Italy.
  33. Stafford, K.J. and Mellor, D.J. (2010). Painful husbandry procedures. In: Improving Animal Welfare: A Practical Approach, pp 88-114. Ed. T. Grandin: CABI, Wallingford, UK.
  34. Mellor, D.J. (2011). Animal pain and OIE guidelines. In: Proceedings of the OIE Conference on Evolving Veterinary Education for a Safer World, Paris, France, 12-14 October, 2009, pp 167-174.
  35. Mellor, D.J. and Bayvel, A.C.D. (2011). The scientific assessment of animal welfare. In: Proceedings of the OIE Conference on Evolving Veterinary Education for a Safer World, Paris, France, 12-14 October, 2009, pp 167-174.
  36. Johnson CB (2012). Electrophysiology in pain monitoring. In: Pain Management in Animals. 2nd Edition. Eds P Flecknell and J Murrell. Elsevier.
  37. Mellor, D.J. (2011). Animal pain and World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) guidelines. Session 5: Animal welfare. In: Proceedings of the First OIE Global Conference on Evolving Veterinary Education for a Safer World, Paris, France, 12-14 October, 2009, pp 175-180.
  38. Kells, N.J., Beausoleil, N.J., Chambers, J.P., Sutherland, M.A., Morrison, R.S., Johnson, C.B. 2013. Electroencephalographic assessment of acute pain in piglets during tail docking. In: Pluske, J. and Pluske, J. (Eds). Manipulating Pig Production XIV. Australasian Pig Science Association, p 129.
  39. Stafford KJ. 2014. Recognition and assessment of pain in ruminants. In Pain management in veterinary practice. Eds CM Egger, L Love and T Doherty, pp 349-358. Wiley Blackwell Oxford, UK.
  40. Stafford, K.J. and Mellor, D.J. (2015). Painful husbandry procedures in livestock and poultry. In: Improving Animal Welfare 2nd Edition, pp 96-124. Ed. T. Grandin: CABI, Wallingford, UK.

Vertebrate Pest Control

  1. Mellor, D.J. and Littin, K.E. (2003). Killing pest animals – an ethical perspective. Proceedings of the 2003 RSPCA Australia Science Seminar on Solutions for Achieving Humane Vertebrate Pest Control, Canberra, Australia, pp 44-49, http://www.rspca.org.au/news_info/seminars.htm, (Proceedings).
  2. Littin, K.E. and Mellor, D.J. (2005). Chapter 5: Strategic animal welfare issues: Welfare and ethical issues arising from the killing of wildlife for disease control and environmental reasons. Animal Welfare: Global Issues, Trends and Challenges. Scientific & Technical Review, Office International des Epizootice 24, 767-782.
  3. Beausoleil, N.J., Fisher, P., Mellor, D.J. & Warburton, B. (2012). Ranking the negative impacts of wildlife control methods may help to advance the Three Rs.ALTEX Proceedings 1 (WC8), 481-485.
  4. Beausoleil, N.J. & Mellor, D.J. (2015). Advantages and limitations of the ‘Five Domains’ model for assessing animal welfare impacts associated with vertebrate pest control. New Zealand Veterinary Journal63,37-43.
  5. Dubois, S., Fenwick, N., Baker, L., Baker, S.E., Beausoleil, N.J., Carter, S., Cartwright, B., Costa, F., Draper, C., Griffin, J., Grogan, A., Howald, G., Jones, B., Littin, K.E., Lombard, A.T., Mellor, D.J., Ramp, D., Ryan, E.A., Schuppli, C.A. and Fraser, D. Consensus principles for ethical wildlife control. Conservation Biology (in press).

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