Animal Welfare Science, Stress, Pain, Pain Relief and Suffering

Refereed Primary Papers

Painful Husbandry Procedures
Analgesia/Anaesthesia and Abdominal Surgery
Dairy (Bobby) Calf Welfare
Humane Vertebrate Pest Control
Human-Sheep and Dog-Sheep Interactions
Guide dogs, Dogs as Pets and Cats
Humane Slaughter and Killing Methods
Miscellaneous

Painful Husbandry Procedures

  1. McMeekan, CM, Stafford, KJ, Mellor, DJ, Bruce, RA, Ward, RN and Gregory, NG. (1998). Effects of regional analgesia and/or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic on the acute cortisol response to dehorning in calves. Research in Veterinary Science 64, 147-150.
  2. McMeekan, C.M., Mellor, D.J., Stafford, K.J., Bruce, R.A., Ward, R.N. and Gregory, N.G. (1998). Effects of local anaesthesia of 4 or 8 hours duration on the acute cortisol response to scoop dehorning in calves. Australian Veterinary Journal 76, 281-285.
  3. Sylvester, S.P., Mellor, D.J., Stafford, K.J., Bruce, R.A. and Ward, R.N. (1998). Acute cortisol responses of calves to scoop dehorning using local anaesthesia and/or cautery of the wound. Australian Veterinary Journal 76, 118-122.
  4. Sylvester, S.P., Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J., Bruce, R.A. and Ward, R.N. (1998). Acute cortisol responses of calves to four methods of dehorning by amputation. Australian Veterinary Journal 76, 123-126.
  5. McMeekan, C.M., Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J., Bruce, R.A., Ward, R.N. and Gregory, N.G. (1999). Effects of a local anaesthetic and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic on the behavioural responses of calves to dehorning. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 47, 92-96.
  6. Sutherland, M.A., Mellor, D.J., Stafford, K.J., Gregory, N.G., Bruce, R.A., Ward, R.N. and Todd, S.E. (1999). Acute cortisol responses of lambs to ring castration and docking after injection of lignocaine into the scrotal neck or testes at the time of ring application. Australian Veterinary Journal 77, 738-741.
  7. Wilson, P.R., Thomas, D.G., Stafford, K.J. and Mellor, D.J. (1999). Routes and doses of lignocaine hydrochloride for analgesia of the velvet antler of stags. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 47, 167-174.
  8. Dinniss, A.S., Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J., Bruce, R.A. and Ward, R.N. (1999). The behaviour pattern of lambs after castration using a rubber ring and/or castrating clamp with or without local anaesthetic. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 47, 198-203.
  9. Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J. and McMeekan, C.M. (2000). A study of the methods used by farmers to castrate calves in New Zealand. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 48, 16-19.
  10. Sutherland, MA, Stafford, KJ, Mellor, DJ, Gregory, NG, Bruce, RA and Ward, RN. (2000). Acute cortisol responses and wound healing in lambs after ring castration plus docking with or without application of a castration clamp to the scrotum. Australian Veterinary Journal 78, 402-405.
  11. Wilson PR, Stafford KJ, Thomas DG, Mellor DJ. (2000). Evaluation of techniques for lignocaine hydrochloride analgesia of the velvet antler of adult stags. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 48, 182-187.
  12. Sutherland, M.A., Mellor, D.J., Stafford, K.J., Gregory, N.G., Bruce, R.A. and Ward, R.N. (2002). Effect of local anaesthetic combined with wound cauterisation on the cortisol response to dehorning in calves. Australian Veterinary Journal 80, 165-167.
  13. Mellor, D.J., Stafford, K.J., Todd, S.E., Lowe, T.E., Ward, R.N., Gregory, N.G. and Bruce, R.A. (2002). Comparison of cortisol and catecholamine responses to ring castration and tailing of lambs and amputation dehorning of calves. Australian Veterinary Journal 80, 228-233.
  14. Peers, A., Mellor, D.J., Wintour, E.M. and Dodic, M. (2002). Blood pressure, heart rate, hormonal and other acute responses to rubber ring castration plus tailing of lambs. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 50, 56-62.
  15. Stafford, KJ, Mellor, DJ, Todd, S.E., Bruce, RA and Ward, RN. (2002). Effects of local anaesthesia or local anaesthesia plus a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug on cortisol responses of calves to castration by five different methods. Research in Veterinary Science 73, 61-70.
  16. Sutherland, M.A., Mellor, D.J., Stafford, K.J., Gregory, N.G., Bruce, R.A. and Ward, R.N.  (2002). Modification of cortisol responses to dehorning in calves using a 5-hour local anaesthetic regimen plus phenylbutazone, ketoprofen or adrenocorticotropic hormone injected prior to dehorning. Research in Veterinary Science 73, 115-123.
  17. Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J., Todd, S.E., Ward, R.N. and McMeekan, C.M. (2003). Effects of different combinations of lignocaine, ketoprofen, xylazine and tolazoline on the acute cortisol response to dehorning in calves. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 51, 219-226.
  18. Sylvester, SP, Stafford, KJ, Mellor, DJ, Bruce, RA and Ward, RN. (2004). Behavioural responses of calves to amputation dehorning with and without local anaesthesia. Australian Veterinary Journal 82, 697-700.
  19. Johnson, C.B., Stafford, K.J., Sylvester, S.P., Ward, R.N., Mitcheson, S. and Mellor, D. (2005). Effects of age on the electroencephalographic response to castration in lambs anaesthetised using halothane in oxygen. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 53, 434-438.
  20. Johnson CB, Woodbury WM, Caulkett N and Wilson P (2005). Comparison of lidocaine and antler pedicle compression for analgesia during antler removal in red deer (Cervus elaphus) anaesthetised by halothane in oxygen: EEG effects. Journal of Veterinary Anaesthesia and analgesia 32 16-71.
  21. Woodbury WM, Johnson CB, Wilson P and Caulkett N (2005). Comparison of lidocaine and antler pedicle compression for analgesia during antler removal in red deer (Cervus elaphus) anaesthetised by halothane in oxygen: Cardiovascular and Behavioural effects. Journal of Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 32 72-82.
  22. Stewart M, Stafford KJ, Dowling SK, Schaefer AL, Webster JR. (2008). Eye temperature and heart rate variability of claves disbudded with or without local anaesthetic. Physiology and Behaviour 93: 789-797.
  23. Johnson, C.B., Sylvester, S.P., Stafford, K.J., Mitchinson, S.L., Ward, R.N. and Mellor, D.J. (2009). Effects of age on the electroencephalographic response to castration in lambs anaesthetised using halothane in oxygen from birth to 6 weeks old. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 36, 273–279.
  24. Stewart M, Stookey JM, Stafford KJ, Tucker CB, Rogers AR, Dowling SK, Verkerk GA, Schaefer AL, Webster JR.  (2009). Effects of local anaesthetic and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug on pain responses of dairy calves to hot-iron branding. Journal of Dairy Science 92, 1512-19.
  25. Laven, R.A., Huxley, J.N., Whay, H.R. and Stafford, K.J. (2009). Results of a survey of attitudes of dairy veterinarians in New Zealand regarding painful procedures and conditions in cattle. New Zealand veterinary Journal 57, 215-20.
  26. McCracken L, Waran N, Mitchinson S and Johnson CB (2010). Effect of age at castration on behavioural response to subsequent tail docking in lambs. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 37 375-381.
  27. Guesgen, M.J., Beausoleil, N.J., Stewart, M. 2013.Effects of early human handling on the pain sensitivity of young lambs. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 40(1), 55-62. DOI:10.1111/j.1467-2995.2012.00746.x
  28. Petherick J.C., Small, A., Mayer, D., Colditz, I., Ferguson, D. and Stafford, K. 2014. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 1. Behavioural responses. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 157, 23-34.
  29. Petherick J.C., Small, A., Mayer, D., Colditz, I., Ferguson, D. and Stafford, K. 2014. A comparison of welfare outcomes for weaner and mature Bos indicus bulls surgically or tension band castrated with or without analgesia: 2. responses related to stress, health and productivity. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 157, 35-47.
  30. Stewart M, Beausoleil NJ, Johnson CB et al. 2014. Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration in lambs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 160, 56-63.
  31. Guesgen MJ, Beausoleil NJ, Minot EO, Stewart M and Stafford KJ. 2014. Social context and other factors influence the behavioural expression of pain in lambs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 159, 41-49.
  32. Stewart M, Beausoleil NJ, Johnson CB, Webster JR, Schütz KE, Cox N, Stafford KJ (2014). Do rubber rings coated with lignocaine reduce the pain associated with ring castration of lambs? Applied Animal Behaviour Science 160 56-63.
  33. Grint NJ, Murrell JC, Johnson CB and Whay H (2014). Electroencephalographic Responses to a Noxious Surgical Stimulus in Mules, Horses, and Ponies. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 34(8), 955–962.DOI: 10.1016/j.jevs.2014.04.008.
  34. Grint NJ, Johnson CB, Clutton RE, Whay HR and Murrell JC  (2015). Spontaneous electroencephalographic changes in a castration model as an indicator of nociception: a comparison between donkeys and ponies. Equine Veterinary Journal 47 36-42.

Analgesia/Anaesthesia and Abdominal Surgery

  1. Fox, S.M., Mellor, D.J., Lawoko, C.R.O., Hodge, H. and Firth, E.C. (1998). Changes in plasma cortisol concentrations in bitches in response to different combinations of halothane and butorphanol, with or without ovariohysterectomy. Research in Veterinary Science 65, 125-133.
  2. Bennet RC, Taylor PM, Brearley JC, Johnson CB and Luna SPL (1998). Clinical equine anaesthesia: Comparison of induction using detomidine/ketamine or GGE/thiopentone before maintenance with halothane. Veterinary Record 142, 541-545.
  3. Johnson CB and Taylor PM (1998). Comparison of the effects of halothane, isoflurane and methoxyflurane on the electroencephalogram of the horse. British Journal of Anaesthesia81, 748-753.
  4. Johnson CB and Taylor PM (1999). Effects of ketamine on the equine electroencephalogram during anaesthesia with halothane in oxygen. Veterinary Surgery28, 380-385
  5. Fox, S.M., Mellor, D.J., Lawoko, C.R.O., Stafford, K.J., Hodge, H. and Firth, E.C. (2000). Behavioural responses of dogs to ovariohysterectomy with different combinations of halothane and butorphanol. Research in Veterinary Science 68, 265-274.
  6. Johnson CB, Bloomfield M and Taylor PM (2000). Effects of guaiaphenesin on the equine electroencephalogram during anaesthesia with halothane in oxygen. Journal of Veterinary Anaesthesia and analgesia27, 6-12.
  7. Johnson CB, Bloomfield M and Taylor PM (2000). Effects of thiopentone on the equine electroencephalogram during anaesthesia with halothane in oxygen. Journal of Veterinary Anaesthesia and analgesia27, 82-88.
  8. Taylor PM, Bennett RC, Brearley JC, Luna SPL and Johnson CB (2001). Comparison of detomidine and romifidine as premedicants before ketamine and halothane anesthesia in horses undergoing elective surgery. American Journal of Veterinary Research62, 359-363.
  9. Johnson CB, Bloomfield M and Taylor PM (2003). Effects of midazolam and sarmazenil on the equine electroencephalogram during anaesthesia with halothane in oxygen. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 26, 105-112.
  10. Murrell JC, White KL, Johnson CB, Taylor PM and Waterman-Pearson AE (2005) Spontaneous EEG changes in the equine surgical patient: the effect of an intravenous infusion of lidocaine.Journal of Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia32, 212-221.
  11. Lizarraga I, Chambers JP, Johnson CB (2006). Depression of NMDA-receptor-mediated segmental transmission by ketamine and ketoprofen, but not L-NAME, on the in vitro neonatal rat spinal cord preparation. Brain Research 1094, 57-64.
  12. Murrell JC, Barnes GR, Johnstone AC and Johnson CB (2007). Is it possible to generate cerebral evoked potentials with a mechanical stimulus from the duodenum in rats? Journal of Neuroscience Methods 162, 215-221.
  13. Murrell JC, Waters D, Mitchinson SL and Johnson CB (2007). Comparative effect of thermal, mechanical and electrical noxious stimuli on the electroencephalogram of the rat. British Journal of Anaesthesia 98 366-371.
  14. Lizarraga I, Chambers JP, Johnson CB (2007). Ontogeny of threshold, conduction velocity and effect of lignocaine in dorsal root potentials from neonatal rats.Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 85, 251-263.
  15. Lizarraga I, Chambers JP, Johnson CB (2008). Synergistic depression of NMDA receptor-mediated transmission by ketamine, ketoprofen, and L-NAME combinations in the in vitro neonatal rat spinal cord. British Journal of Pharmacology 153, 1030-1042.
  16. Murrell JC, Waters D and Johnson CB (2008). Comparative effects of halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane on the electroencephalogram of the rat. Laboratory Animals 42 161-170
  17. Johnson CB, Sylvester S, Stafford K, Mitchinson S, Ward R and Mellor D (2009). Effects of age on the electroencephalographic response to castration in lambs anaesthetised using halothane in oxygen from birth to six weeks old. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 36 273-279.
  18. Kongara K, Chambers JP and Johnson CB  (2009). Glomerular filtration rate after tramadol, paracoxib and pindolol following anaesthesia and analgesia in comparison with morphine in dogs. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 36 86-94
  19. Singh PM, Johnson CB, Gartrell B, Mitchinson S and Chambers JP (2010). Pharmacokinetics of morphine after intravenous administration in broiler chickens. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics33, 515-518.
  20. Murrell JC, Mitchinson SL, Lesperance L, Sivakumaran S and Johnson CB (2010). Electroencephalography during ovariohysterectomy in rats anaesthetised with halothane. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 3714-24.
  21. Ambrisko TD, Johnson CB and Chambers JP (2011). Effect of alfaxalone infusion on canine electroencephalogram under halothane anaesthesia. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 38, 529–535.
  22. Guesgen, M.J., Beausoleil, N.J., Minot, E., Stewart, M., Jones, G., Stafford, K.J. 2011. The effects of age and sex on pain sensitivity in young lambs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 135, 51-56. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2011.09.008
  23. Grint NJ, de Sa Lorena SER, Johnson CB, Luna SPL, Whay HR and Murrell JC (2011). Metabolic acidosis in healthy mules under general anaesthesia with halothane. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 38 484-489
  24. Singh PM, Johnson CB, Gartrell B, Mitchinson S and Chambers JP (2011). Pharmacokinetics of butorphanol in broiler chickens. Veterinary Record 168, 588.
  25. Kongara K, Chambers JP and Johnson CB (2012). Effects of tramadol, morphine or their combination in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy on peri-operative electroencephalography and post-operative analgesia. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 60 (2), 129-135.
  26. Beausoleil, N.J., Stafford, K.J. (2012). Is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug required to alleviate pain behavior associated with liver biopsy in cattle? Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research 7, 245-251.
  27. Kongara K, Johnson LA, Kells NJ, Johnson CB, Dukkipati VSR, Mitchinson S (2014). Alteration of electroencephalographic responses to castration in cats by administration of opioids. GSTF Journal of Veterinary Science 1 38-42.
  28. McIlhone AE, Beausoleil NJ, Johnson CB and Mellor DJ (2014). Effects of isoflurane, sevoflurane and methoxyflurane on the electroencephalogram of the chicken. Journal of Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 41 613-620.
  29. Kongara K, Chambers JP and Johnson CB (2013). Effects of tramadol or morphine in dogs undergoing castration on intra-operative electroencephalogram responses and post-operative pain. New Zealand Veterinary Journal61 349-353.
  30. Guesgen, M.J., Beausoleil, N.J., Minot, E.O., Stewart, M., Stafford, K.J., Morel, P.H. 2016. Lambs show changes in ear posture when experiencing pain. Animal Welfare 25, 171-177.
  31. Barrett, L.A., Beausoleil, N.J., Benschop, J., Stafford, K.J. 2016. Pain-related behaviour was not observed in dairy cattle in the days after liver biopsy, regardless of whether NSAIDs were administered. Research in Veterinary Science 104, 195-199.

Dairy (Bobby) Calf Welfare

  1. Wesselink, R., Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J., Todd, S.E. and Gregory, N.G. (1999). Colostrum intake by dairy calves. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 47, 31-34.
  2. Todd, S.E., Mellor, D.J., Stafford, K.J., Gregory, N.G., Bruce, R.A and Ward, R.N. (2000). Effects of food withdrawal and transport on five to ten-day-old calves. Research in Veterinary Science 68, 125-134.
  3. Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J., Todd, S.E., Gregory, N.G., Bruce, R.A. and Ward, R.N.  (2001). The physical state and biochemical profile of calves on arrival at a slaughter plant. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 49, 142-149.
  4. Diesch, T.J., Mellor, D.J., Stafford, K.J. and Ward, R.N. (2004). The physiological and physical status of single calves at birth in a New Zealand dairy herd. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 52, 250-255.
  5. Diesch, T.J., Mellor, D.J., Stafford, K.J. and Ward, R.N. (2004). Blood metabolites and body temperature of single calves between 1 and 4 days of age in a dairy herd in New Zealand. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 52, 256-260.
  6. Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J. and Corner, R. (2005). Sucking behaviour of hand-reared newborn dairy calves. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 53, 246-248.

Humane Vertebrate Pest Control

  1. Littin, K.E., O’Connor, C.E., Rhodes, A.T., Gregory, N.G., Mellor, D.J. and Eason, C.T. (2002). Behavioural, anticoagulant and pathological effects of brodifacoum on brushtail possums, Trichosurus vulpecula. Wildlife Research 29, 259-267.

  2. Littin, K.E, Mellor, D.J., Warburton, B. and Eason, C.T. (2004). Animal welfare and ethical issues relevant to the humane control of vertebrate pests. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 52, 1-10.

  3. Littin, K.E., Gregory, N.G., Airey, A.T., Eason, C.T. and Mellor, D.J. (2009). Behaviour and time to unconsciousness of brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula) after a lethal or sublethal dose of 1080. Wildlife Research 36, 709-720.

  4. Beausoleil, N.J., Mellor, D.J. (2012) Complementary roles for systematic analytical evaluation and qualitative whole animal profiling in welfare assessment for Three Rs application. ALTEX Proceedings 1 (WC8), 455-460.

  5. Beausoleil, N.J., Fisher, P., Mellor, D.J., Warburton, B. (2012) Ranking the negative impacts of wildlife control methods may help to advance the Three Rs. ALTEX Proceedings 1 (WC8), 481-485.

Human-Sheep and Dog-Sheep Interactions

  1. Beausoleil, N.J., Stafford, K.J and Mellor, D.J. (2005). Sheep show more aversion to a dog than to a human in an arena test. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 91, 219-232.
  2. Beausoleil, N.J., Stafford, K.J. and Mellor, D.J. (2006). Does human eye contact function as a warning cue for domesticated sheep, Ovis aries?Journal of Comparative Psychology 120, 269-279.
  3. Beausoleil, N.J., Blache, D., Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J. and Noble, A.D.L. (2008). Exploring the basis of divergent selection for ‘temperament’ in domestic sheep. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 109: 261-274.
  4. Beausoleil, N.J., Blache, D., Kevin J. Stafford, K.J., Mellor, D.J. and Noble, A.D.L. (2012). Selection for temperament in sheep: domain-general and context specific traits. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 139, 74-85.

Guide Dogs, Dogs as Pets and Cats

  1. Lloyd JKF, La Grow S, Stafford KJ, Budge RC. (2008). The guide dog as a mobility aid Part 1: Perceived effectiveness on travel performance. International Journal of Orientation and Mobility 1: 17-33.
  2. Lloyd JKF, La Grow S, Stafford KJ, Budge RC. (2008). The guide dog as a mobility aid Part 1: Perceived changes to travel habits. International Journal of Orientation and Mobility 1: 34-45.
  3. Lloyd, J.K.F., Budge, R.C., Stafford, K.J. and La Grow, S.J. (2009). A focus group discussion on using guide dogs. International Journal of Orientation and Mobility 2, 52-64.
  4. Wake A.A.F., Minot, E.O., Stafford, K.J. and Perry, P.E. 2009. A survey of adult victims of dog bites in New Zealand. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 57, 364-369.
  5. Flint EL, Minot EO, Perry PE and Stafford KJ. 2010. Characteristics of adult dog owners in New Zealand. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 58, 69-73.
  6. Farnworth MJ, Adams NJ, Seksel K, Waran NK, Beausoleil NJ and Stafford KJ. 2013. Veterinary attitudes towards pre-pubertal gonadectomy of cats: A comparison of samples from New Zealand, Australia and the United Kingdom. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 61, 226-233.
  7. Farnworth MJ, Beausoleil, NJ, Adams NJ, Barrett LA, Stevenson M, Thomas DG, Waterland MR, Waran NK, and Stafford KJ. 2013. Validating the use of carbon dioxide laser for assessing nociceptive thresholds in adult domestic cats (Felis catus). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 143, 104-109.
  8. Farnworth MJ, Barrett LA, Adams NJ, Beausoleil, NJ,  Hekman M, Thomas DG, Waran NK, and Stafford KJ. 2013. Body weight affects behavioural indication of thermal nociceptive threshold in adult domestic cats (Felis catus). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 149, 30-35.
  9. Flint, E.L., Minot, E.O., Stevenson, M., Perry, P.E. and Stafford K.J. 2013. Barking in home alone suburban dogs (Canis familiaris) in New Zealand. Journal of Veterinary Behaviour 8, 302-305.
  10. Farnworth MJ, Adams NJ, Keown AJ, Waran NK, and Stafford KJ. 2014. Veterinary provision of analgesia for domestic cats (Felis catus) undergoing gonadectomy: a comparison of samples from New Zealand, Australia and the United Kingdom. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 61, 117-122.
  11. Farnworth MJ, Barrett LA, Adams NJ, Beausoleil NJ, Weidgraaft K, Hekman M, Chambers JP, Thomas DG, Waran NK, and Stafford KJ. 2015. Assessment of a carbon dioxide laser for the measurement of thermal nociceptive thresholds following intramuscular administration of analgesic drugs in pain-free female cats. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia 42, 638-47.
  12. Browne CM. Stafford KJ and Fordham RA. 2015. The detection and identification of tuatara and gecko scents by dogs. Journal of Veterinary Behaviour 10, 496-503.
  13. Flint EL, Minot EO, Perry PE, Stafford KJ 2014. A survey of public attitudes towards barking dogs in New Zealand. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 62, 321-7
  14. Humane Slaughter and Killing Methods
  15. Gibson, T.J., Johnson, C.B., Stafford, K.J., Mitchinson, S.L. and Mellor D.J. (2007). Validation of the acute electroencephalographic responses of calves to noxious stimulus with scoop dehorning. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 55, 152-157.
  16. Gibson, T.J., Johnson, C.B., Hulls, C.M., Mitchinson, S.L., Johnstone, A.C., Stafford, K.J. and Mellor D.J. (2009a). Electroencephalographic responses of calves to slaughter by ventral-neck incision without prior stunning. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 57, 77-83.
  17. Gibson, T.J., Johnson, C.B., Murrell, J.C., Chambers, P.J., Stafford, K.J. and Mellor D.J. (2009b). Components of EEG responses to slaughter: effects of cutting neck tissues compared to major blood vessels in calves. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 57, 84.89.
  18. Gibson, T.J., Johnson, C.B., Murrell, J.C., Mitchinson, S.L., Stafford, K.J. and Mellor D.J. (2009c). Electroencephalographic response to concussive non-penetrative captive bolt stunning in calves. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 57, 90-95.
  19. Gibson, T.J., Johnson, C.B., Murrell, J.C., Mitchinson, S.L., Stafford, K.J. and Mellor D.J. (2009d). Amelioration of electroencephalographic responses to slaughter by non-penetrative captive bolt stunning after ventral-neck incision in halothane anaesthetised calves. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 57, 96-101.
  20. Rault, J-L., Hemsworth, P.H., Cakebread, P.H., Mellor, D.J. and Johnson, C.B. (2014). Evaluation of microwave energy as a humane stunning technique based on electroencephalography (EEG) of anaesthetized cattle. Animal Welfare 23, 391-400.
  21. Kongara K, McIlhone AE, Kells NJ and Johnson CB  (2014). Electroencephalographic evaluation of decapitation of the anaesthetized rat. Laboratory Animals 48 15-9. doi: 10.1177/0023677213502016

Miscellaneous

  1. CB Johnson (1999). Chemical restraint in the dog and cat. In Practice21, 111-118.
  2. Cameron Elissa Z, Linklater Wayne L, Stafford Kevin J, Minor Edward O. (1999). A case of co-operative nursing and offspring care by mother and daughter feral horses. Journal of Zoology (London) 249: 486-489
  3. Linklater WL, Cameron EZ, Minot EO, Stafford KJ. (1999). Stallion harassment and the mating system of horses. Animal Behaviour 58: 295-306
  4. Linklater, WL, Cameron EZ, Stafford KJ, Veltman, CJ. (2000). Social and spatial structure and range use of Kaimanawa wild horses (Equus caballus: Equidae). New Zealand Journal of Ecology 24: 139-152
  5. Lentle RG, Stafford KJ, Potter MA, Springett BP, Dunning DW. (2000). An analysis of a recreational hunters red deer tallies on the Tararua Ranges, North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 24: 11-18
  6. Linklater WL, Stafford KJ, Minot EO, Cameron EZ. (2002).  Researching feral horse ecology and behaviour: turning political debate into opportunity. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30: 644-650
  7. Chamove AS, Crawley-Hartrick JS, Stafford KJ. (2002). Horse reactions to human attitudes and behaviour. Anthrozoos 15: 323-331
  8. Cameron EZ, Linklater WL, Stafford KJ, Minot EO. (2003). Social groupings and maternal behaviour in feral horses (Equus caballus): the influence of males on maternal protectiveness. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 53: 92
  9. Browne, C, Stafford K, Fordham R. (2006). The use of scent detection dogs. Irish Veterinary Journal 59: 97-104
  10. Berry D P, Lee J M, Macdonald KA, StaffordK, Matthews L, Roche J R. (2007). Associations among body condition score, body weight, somatic cell count, and clinical mastitis in seasonally calving dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 90: 637-648.
  11. Stafford KJ, Erceg VH. (2007). Teaching animal handling to veterinary students at Massey University, New Zealand. Journal of Veterinary medical Education 34: 583-585.
  12. Cameron EZ, Linklater WL, Stafford KJ, Minot EO. (2008). Maternal investment results in better foal condition through increased play behaviour in horses. Animal Behaviour 76: 1511-8.
  13. Flint EL, Minot EO, Perry PE and Stafford KJ. (2010). Characteristics of adult dog owners in New Zealand. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 58, 69-73
  14. McLelland JM, Gartrell BD, Morgan KJ, Roe WD and Johnson CB (2011). The role of lead in a syndrome of clenched claw paralysis and leg paresis in Australasian Harriers (Circus approximans) Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47(4), 907-916.

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